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King salmon

Order Salmoniformes
Family Salmonidae

Euryhaline fish (marine and freshwater) with regularly ossified skeleton. Distinguished by the small black spots on the back and on the upper and lower lobes of the caudal fin, and the black gums of the lower jaw. Body fusiform, streamlined, noticeably laterally compressed in large adults. Fish in the sea are dark greenish to blue black on top of head and back, silvery to white on the lower sides and belly. Numerous small, dark spots along back and upper sides and on both lobes of caudal. In fresh water, with the approach of the breeding condition, they change to olive brown, red or purplish, the color change is more marked in males than in females. They attain the largest size among the family, 150 cm and 60 kg.

FAO code
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha
Blue fish
FAO Fishing Areas
  • Area 18: the Arctic Ocean
  • Area 2: America, North - Inland waters
  • Area 3: America, South - Inland waters
  • Area 4: Asia - Inland waters
  • Area 5: Europe - Inland waters
  • Area 6: Oceania - Inland waters
  • Area 61: the Northwestern part of the Pacific Ocean
  • Area 67: the Northeastern part of the Pacific Ocean
  • Area 77: the Eastern Central part of the Pacific Ocean
  • Area 8: Antarctica - Inland waters
  • Area 81: the Southwestern part of the Pacific Ocean
Fishing seasons
may jun jul aug sep
International denominations
Germany Quinnat
China 大鳞大麻哈鱼
France Saumon royal
Italy Salmone reale
Portugal Salmão real
United Kingdom King salmon
Japan Masunosuke
Fishing areas
Fishing arts

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