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Gilthead sea bream

Order Perciformes
Family Sparidae

Marine fish with regularly ossified skeleton. Body oval and compressed. Head profile regularly curved. Eye small. Mouth low, very slightly oblique. Lips thick. Four to 6 canine-like teeth anteriorly in each jaw, followed posteriorly by blunter teeth which become progresively molar-like and are arranged in 2 to 4 rows. Dorsal fin with spines and soft rays. Anal with spines and several soft rays. Cheeks scaly, preopercle scaleless. Scales along lateral line. Colour silvery grey; a large black blotch at origin of lateral line extending on upper margin of opercle where it is edged below by a reddish area; a golden frontal band between eyes edged by two dark areas; dark longitudinal lines often present on sides of body; a dark band on dorsal fin; fork and tips of caudal fin edged with black. Maximum length: 70 cm.

FAO code
Sparus aurata
White fish
FAO Fishing Areas
  • Area 1: Africa - Inland waters
  • Area 27: the Northeastern part of the Atlantic Ocean
  • Area 34: the Eastern Central part of the Atlantic Ocean
  • Area 37: the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea
  • Area 4: Asia - Inland waters
Fishing seasons
feb mar apr may jun jul aug sep oct nov dec
International denominations
Germany Goldbrassen
France Dorade royale
Italy Orata
Portugal Dourada
United Kingdom Gilthead sea bream
Fishing areas
Fishing arts
Purse seines

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