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Caribbean spiny lobster

Order Decapoda
Family Palinuridae

Marine crustacean. Carapace rounded dorsally, covered with numerous spines and nodules of various sizes including a pair of very strong and sharp frontal horns over the eyes; no distinct median rostrum on frontal margin of carapace. Antennae long, stiff, whip-like, longer than the body; antennules slender, their flagella longer than the antennular peduncle; bases of antennae separated by a broad antennular plate bearing 2 pairs of strong spines. Tail powerful, with a well-developed fan; each abdominal segment with a complete transverse groove. Legs without pincers. First pair of legs not enlarged. Colour: variable, mottled greenish purple, also tan, brown, reddish, bluish, or greenish; tail with 4 conspicuous yellow spots, one on each side of second and sixth abdominal segments; legs with light and dark longitudinal stripes. Tail fan with a broad transverse reddish band along or just before the posterior margin. Maximum length: 45 cm.

FAO code
Panulirus argus
FAO Fishing Areas
  • Area 31: the Western part of the Atlantic Ocean
  • Area 34: the Eastern Central part of the Atlantic Ocean
  • Area 41: the Southwestern part of the Atlantic Ocean
Fishing seasons
jan feb jul aug sep oct nov dec
International denominations
Germany Amerikanische Languste
France Langouste blanche
Italy Aragosta dei Caraibi
Portugal Lagosta das Caraíbas
United Kingdom Caribbean spiny lobster
Japan Iseebi-zoku
Fishing areas
Fishing arts
Pots traps

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